Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease, also known as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss in kidney function over a period of months or years.
Progressive loss, or decreased kidney function is determined by a decrease in glomerular filtration rate, or the rate at which blood is filtered by the kidney. Decreased kidney function is detected by measuring the levels of waste products (creatinine or urea) in the blood. Depending on the cause, hematuria (blood loss in the urine) and proteinuria (protein loss in the urine) may also be identified on urine tests. Those diagnosed with kidney disease may experience increased fluid in the body that can lead to swelling, increased acid levels, raised levels of potassium, decreased levels of calcium, increased levels of phosphate and, in later stages, anemia. Bone health may also be affected.